SIRC Glossary

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S

Simulation

An attempt to mimic essential aspects of a clinical situation with the goal of understanding and managing the situation better when it occurs in actual clinical practice. A technique that uses a situation or environment created to allow persons to experience a representation of a real event for the purpose of practice, learning, evaluation, testing, or to gain understanding of systems or human actions

Simulation Encounter

Clinical situation replicated in which participants need to use all or some of their assessment, psychomotor, critical thinking or managerial skills

Simulation Experience

Clinical situation replicated in which participants need to use all or some of their assessment, psychomotor, critical thinking or managerial skills

Simulation Fidelity

The physical, contextual, and emotional realism that allows persons to experience a simulation as if they were operating in an actual healthcare activity

Simulation Guideline

A recommendation of the qualities for simulation fidelity, simulation validity, simulation program, or for formative or summative evaluation

Simulation Program

A formal workshop, course, class, or other activity that uses a substantial component of simulation as a technique

Simulation Standard

A statement of the minimum requirements for simulation fidelity, simulation validity, simulation program, or for formative or summative evaluation

Simulation Validity

The quality of a simulation or simulation program that demonstrates that the relationship between the process and its intended purpose is specific, sensitive, reliable, and reproducible

Simulator

A system that tries to replicate a psychomotor skill, procedure or the experience of providing for the physiological, educational or emotional needs of a patient

SP

Standardized/Simulated Patients are individuals who are trained to portray a patient with a specific condition in a realistic, standardized and repeatable way (where portrayal/presentation varies based only on learner performance). SPs can be used for teaching and assessment of learners including but not limited to history/consultation, physical examination and other clinical skills in simulated clinical environments. SPs can also be used to give feedback and evaluate student performance.

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