SIRC Glossary

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N

Nursing Education Simulation Framework

A consistent and empirically supported model to guide the design and implementation and evaluation of simulations

O

OSCE

The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a station or series of stations designed to assess performance competency in individual clinical or other professional skills. Stations are carefully structured and designed to be easily reproducible. Learners are evaluated via direct observation, checklists, learner presentation or written follow-up exercises. The examinations are generally summative but may involve feedback. Stations tend to be short, typically 5-10 minutes, but can be longer.

S

Simulation

An attempt to mimic essential aspects of a clinical situation with the goal of understanding and managing the situation better when it occurs in actual clinical practice. A technique that uses a situation or environment created to allow persons to experience a representation of a real event for the purpose of practice, learning, evaluation, testing, or to gain understanding of systems or human actions

Simulation Encounter

Clinical situation replicated in which participants need to use all or some of their assessment, psychomotor, critical thinking or managerial skills

Simulation Experience

Clinical situation replicated in which participants need to use all or some of their assessment, psychomotor, critical thinking or managerial skills

Simulation Fidelity

The physical, contextual, and emotional realism that allows persons to experience a simulation as if they were operating in an actual healthcare activity

Simulation Guideline

A recommendation of the qualities for simulation fidelity, simulation validity, simulation program, or for formative or summative evaluation

Simulation Program

A formal workshop, course, class, or other activity that uses a substantial component of simulation as a technique

Simulation Standard

A statement of the minimum requirements for simulation fidelity, simulation validity, simulation program, or for formative or summative evaluation

Simulation Validity

The quality of a simulation or simulation program that demonstrates that the relationship between the process and its intended purpose is specific, sensitive, reliable, and reproducible

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