Kardong-Edgren, S., Lungstrom, N., & Bendel, R.
Since the cost of manikins with different degrees of fidelity can vary greatly, it is important to discover whether the degree of fidelity has an effect on students. Kardong-Edgren, Lungstrom, and Bendel, of Washington State University, examined how test scores, knowledge retention, and satisfaction were influenced by VitalSimÂ®, a medium-fidelity manikin, or SimManÂ®, a high-fidelity manikin, compared to a control group. They found that test scores were not affected by participation in the simulation, regardless of the simulator type and that â€œthere was no statistically significant difference in satisfaction by simulator typeâ€ (p. 108). However, the researchers cite several limitations and confounding factors including compensatory rivalry, that this was the studentsâ€™ first experience with simulation, and that paper-and pencil exams may not be the best evaluation of the impact of simulation.